Improved Energy Delivery
To improve access to energy in the displaced setting requires more knowledge about energy demand, infrastructure, governance and sustainability in the contexts of forced displacement and global poverty. By engaging camp-based displaced communities in the planning, design and maintenance of energy systems, HEED findings demonstrate how approaching energy delivery through a socio-technology framework can produce systems that respond to refugees and IDPs lived experiences, offer community ownership and promote opportunities for social and ecconmic growth. Working with displaced communities in Kigeme, Nyabiheke, and Gihembe camps in Rwanda, and with internally displaced populations living in the Uttargaya and Khalte in Nepal HEED made the following contributions to improve energy delivery in the displaced setting.
a) Expanded the evidence base: To help make decisions about demand for energy services amongst displaced communities HEED conducted country-based quantitative surveys and qualitative case studies with displaced people, humanitarian workers and energy providers.
b) Collected sensor data on energy consumption behaviour: HEED is one of the first projects to use sensor data in the displaced setting to analyse household patterns and usage of energy. The data evidences whether energy availability meets, exceeds or is insufficient for the basic needs of displaced people.
c) Translated research findings into an ‘energy for displacement’ protocol: The protocols aid humanitarian agencies and the private sector in the future production of sustainable technologies for lighting, cooking and decentralised energy generation. These protocols emerged from three ‘Design for Displacement’ (D4D) workshops in the UK, Rwanda and Nepal, and from displaced communities who engaged through twelve ‘Energy for End users’ (E4E) designathons in Rwanda and Nepal.
d) Design, implement and piloted co-designed community energy interventions: HEED worked with communities to design and deploy intelligent distribution energy systems, including lighting systems and micro-grids, that take into account community and needs.
What are people’s energy needs and aspirations?
What are the key themes and issues for policy makers?
What tools can aid practitioners?